CHICKENS,GUINEAS & TURKEYS- Whatever you do make sure the coop is not air tight if the only opening in your coop is a window do not cover it up. I have one coop (Bantam Barn) that is tight except for 2 windows so they will remain open the Hen House has slats on one side so I will cover the windows with Clear Plastic to block some wind but leave the slat wall open so they still have lots of fresh air If your chicken house is air tight the birds will get sick with colds and other respiratory infections. Frozen water is one of the winter challenges we all must deal with If you can afford a waterer base heater they work great but if you can't afford one or just don't have enough of them like me then use bowls for winter watering I use bowls so I don't have to deal with frozen waters which can bust, every morning I fill the bowls with hot water it melts the ice in the bowl and will stay warm for most of the day. I feed my birds a 16% scratch grain in the winter the feeders stay full unlike in the warmer months when I measure their feed and make them hunt for most of their diet I do still free range them in winter but since bugs are harder to come by they need more feed. I think the biggest issue this winter will be mud in the runs so if you can get sand, pine needles or mulch put that down in your runs to help keep them dry. If you have shade cloth over your runs it is a good idea to remove it for the winter since the birds love laying out and sunning to warm themselves up. It is a good idea to house waterfowl seprate from chickens in winter they can still share runs if needed but the chickens will need a dry house and with ducks and geese around that can be a challenge. I do not Heat my coops I want my birds to be tough and they are they do fine roughing it all winter.
DUCKS & GEESE- They hate winter since most of the season their pools are froze solid, every morning I carry a bucket of water to them some people use heated buckets but I'm cheap and figure carrying 5 gallons buckets of water is good winter exercise. They are fed the same as the chickens I make sure each pen has a small house in it so if they need to get out of the wind or rain/snow they can most of the time they choose to stay out but it is good to give them another option. Mud is a real issue with these guys so I use lots of mulch in the runs pine needles work the best but I have a hard time finding enough. I have also heard of people using gravel in their pens.
GOATS- Not quite birds but I just figured I would write about them also while I'm at it. Goats need a nice dry draft free house I add lots of hay for bedding in the cold months and add more when needed it's the deep litter method. The Hay feeder stays full because goats are rumens and need to eat lots of roughage to stay warm. I still feed grain as usual. I use a floating water heater to keep their water from freezing. If your feed area starts to get muddy you can move the feeders or mulch the area.
Well that is all I can think of for now hope this helps some.
Want Healthy Birds?Give Them Fresh Air!By Don Schrider
Preparing the Flock for WinterBy Harvey Ussery
A Winter Menu Changing Poultry Feed by the SeasonBy Lisa Jansen Mathews
Preparing for Winter By Terry Beebe
And here are some links for articles from Dairy Goat Journal
Preparing dairy goats for winter weather By Danielle Westvang
Cold Weather Goat CareBy Cheryle Moore-Smith